Secondary correspondence is assumed becoming usual in higher-framework cultures, which can be noted for concentrating on interdependence and you may public relationship


Indirect telecommunications is acting out in place of really stating exactly what an effective body’s considering or feeling using face words, modulation of voice, and/or body language.

Susan Heitler, PhD and you may Thing Professional, refers to secondary communication once the “hinting otherwise acting-out,” tend to that have nonverbal behavior including body language, facial terms, tone of voice, rests, otherwise episodes away from silence. Indirect communicators, exactly who usually act away its attitude instead of state her or him personally, are usually trying save face or perhaps to end items regarding argument, in which it ounts off tension and you will unrest (Joyce, 2012).